Speech is the production of sounds that make up words and sentences. It involves the coordination of the jaw, lips, tongue, vocal cords, vocal tract and respiration. There are three divisions to speech: articulation, voice and fluency.
- Articulation – This is one of the most common reasons parents contact Stephanie, she typically hears “I am the only person that can understand my daughter.” or “My son is having trouble pronouncing R.” Treating articulation disorders is one of Stephanie’s specialties.
- Voice – A consistent raspy or hoarse vocal quality or history of vocal nodules is a reason to seek out a speech therapist
Therapists in New York City who specialize in voice can be found here.
- Fluency – A disorder of fluency is stuttering. It is considered normal for young children to have some dysfluent speech. If the stuttering becomes more prevalent, it would then be appropriate to consult a New York City speech pathologist who specializes in working with children who stutter, which you can find here.
For helpful information on stuttering, check out The Stuttering Foundation.
Language refers to how we use words and sentences to communicate ideas. Speaking, gesture use, writing, understanding verbal conversation and understanding written words are all language related.
Parents with children with language delay often report to Stephanie “My daughter is 18 months old and she only babbles, she doesn’t have any words.” or “My son is 2 and he has trouble putting words together to make sentences.”
Stephanie is a pediatric speech and language pathologist (AKA speech therapist) specializing in improving articulation (speech) and language skills.
Stephanie evaluates and treats children in their Manhattan homes. She encourages parents to learn how to ask stimulating questions, model language in an optimal way, and follow their child’s lead to create an effective playtime.